Sociology is a perspective on and the study of social life. Humans are first and foremost social animals who organize themselves into a variety of social forms depending on social and historical circumstances. A necessary condition for full participation in social life is the ability to understand, explain and evaluate these social forms or societies.

Sociology is the scientific and critical study of how and why modern societies operate the way they do, including the relationships among the various social institutions; how and why societies influence what individuals can do, including the development of self; and how and why individuals produce and reproduce (socially construct) social life through everyday activities